Many economic systems have laid great emphasis on equality without recognizing the inherent inequalities in the abilities of man, and in emphasizing absolute equality rather than an equality in opportunities.
“Social inequality is the inevitable outcome of the natural inequality of man. Human beings are different in ability and should, therefore, be different in their social and economic standing. Extremes of wealth and poverty should, however, be abolished…” -Shoghi Effendi: Directives of the Guardian, p. 20.
“For the community needs financier, farmer, merchant and labourer just as an army must be composed of commander, officers and privates. All cannot be commanders; all cannot be officers or privates. Each in his station in the social fabric must be competent—each in his function according to ability but with justice of opportunity for all.” -‘Abdu’l-Bahá: The Promulgation of Universal Peace, p. 216.
- Why are people not equal?
- In your opinion, should people with lesser abilities have a lower quality of life?
- Can differences in functions and economic status be used as spiritual criteria?
Although there has been some recognition of the role of women and the contributions they have made to the advancement of our civilization, their real potential has not been recognized or utilized.
“… there must be an equality of rights between men and women. Women shall receive an equal privilege of education. This will enable them to qualify and progress in all degrees of occupation and accomplishment. For the world of humanity possesses two wings: man and woman. If one wing remains incapable and defective, it will restrict the power of the other, and full flight will be impossible. Therefore, the completeness and perfection of the human world are dependent upon the equal development of these two wings.” -‘Abdu’l-Bahá: The Promulgation of Universal Peace, p. 318.
- Do women presently have an equal opportunity of education everywhere in the world?
- Are women prominent in all spheres of human affairs?
- What do you suggest will improve the role of women in society?